Part 2: General Resources Regarding Ethics, Privacy, and Research Integrity
Part 3: General Resources on Communications
The PRAS requires that the applicant provide a summary in “plain language.” In addition, communications with research participants should be in “plain language.” The following provide some tips on how to write using “plain language.”
Part 4: Resources on Key Topics in Health Research
In this section, we have identified a number of resources that may be helpful to researchers. Included are resources are derived from the academic literature as well as guidelines and toolkits developed by universities in Canada and beyond.
Managing Conflicts of Interest in Research
Good Practices in Handling Conflict of Interest (University of Sheffield)
Conflict of Interest Identification Checklist (University of Melbourne)
Conflict of Interest Management Strategies (University of Melbourne)
Guidelines for Managing Real, Potential, and Perceived Conflicts of Interest (Ryerson University)
Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch Inspectorate’s Good Clinical Practices
Health Canada Guidance Document for Clinical Trial Sponsors: Clinical Trial Applications
Health Canada Guidance Document for Clinical Trials for Natural Health Product
Health Canada Guidance Document: Part C, Division 5 of the Food and Drugs Regulations, “Drugs for Clinical Trials Involving Human Subject” (GUI-0100)
Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research
D. Goodwin et al., “Ethical Issues in Qualitative Research.” Qualitative Research in Health Care, Fourth Edition. Edited by C. Pope and N. Mays. Jon Wiley & Sons, 2020.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781119410867.ch3 (may be freely accessible through site licenses held by universities)
Orb et al., “Ethics in Qualitative Research.” Journal of Nursing Scholarship 33:1 (2000): 93-96.
Mitigating the Risks to Study Participants Completing Surveys
University of Manitoba’s Community Engagement Framework
Key Practices for Community Engagement in Research on Mental Health or Substance Abuse (from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health)
K. Beier et al., “Taking Patient Involvement Seriously: A Critical Ethical Analysis of Participatory Approaches in Data-Intensive Medical Research.” BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 90:19, 2019.
Engagement Toolbox (Penn State University)
The Canadian Public Health Association’s “Community Engagement in Public Health” Webinar Series
Research Involving Indigenous Communities
Framework for Research Engagement with First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Peoples
Research with Vulnerable Populations
B.G. Gordon, “Vulnerability in Research: Basic Ethical Concepts and General Approach to Review.” OCHSNER Journal 20:1, 2020, 34-38
A.Gonzalez-Duarte et al., “The Research Ethics Involving Vulnerable Groups.” Rev Invest Clin 71, 2019, 217-225
P. Shivayogi, “Vulnerable Population and Methods for Their Safeguard.” Perspec Clin Res 4:1, 2013, 53-57
Research in Children
Position Statement of the Canadian Paediatric Society on Ethical Issues in Health Research in Children (2018)
Reporting Child Abuse and Neglect: Your Responsibilities as a Researcher
Under Manitoba law, individuals (including researchers) are obligated to report real or suspected abuse of children to legal authorities. Failure to do so may result in fines or imprisonment. The factsheet summarizes essential information about reporting of child protection and child abuse, and provides links to Manitoba’s handbook on this matter.
Research into Rare Diseases
M. Coors et al., “Ethical Issues Related to clinical Research and Rare Diseases.” Transl Sci Rare Dis 2: 3-4, 2017, 175-194.
M.T. Nguyen et al., “ Model Consent Clauses for Rare Disease Research.” BMC Medical Ethics 55:20, 2019.
Research During Public Health Emergencies
Working with Data Repositories
Manitoba Population Research Data Repository Resources and Tools
CIHR Health Research Data: Resources (includes a number of data platforms that can be accessed by researchers)
Tri-Agency Statement of Principles on Digital Data Management
Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications